One-wheeled trolleys, the wheelbarrow, are a small innovation that has significantly facilitated work in construction, but also in agriculture. These carts allowed one man to easily carry a load greater than his own weight over short distances. In the beginning, wheelbarrow had a wooden wheel, then iron, and when the tubes appeared, wheelbarrow became a mass product widely used in the household, garden, on construction sites, and smaller production plants. They are especially suitable on terrains where there are no roads, and a flat solid surface 10-20 centimeters wide is enough for them to move.
Soldiers, especially infantry, often also have to carry larger loads over various distances across various terrains. Soldiers carry rifles, and ammunition, food, bombs and more are usually carried in backpacks. Members of special forces often have to carry a load of up to 70 kilograms when going on longer tasks. If they started using specially adapted one-wheeled carts for this job, it would be a great relief.
Such a trolley could be used for other purposes in addition to carrying cargo.
In wetlands it could also serve as a bed.
Shrubs and low vegetation could penetrate them in forests and thickets.
In the rain it could serve as a tent.
And in the event of an unexpected encounter with opponents, it could also serve as a handy shelter.
It would not be difficult to make such multifunctional wheelbarrow .
The most important element is the large wheel (1) made of iron coated with solid rubber that cannot be blown out in the event of a puncture. The bigger it is, the easier it is to move wheelbarrow over smaller obstacles. On the wheel (1) there is a bearing plate (2) made of thick steel sheet, on which the upper plate (3), also made of thick steel sheet, is placed on the upper side, and two bearing rods (4) which are placed on the side the edges of the support plate (2). The upper plate (3) is hinged to the support plate (2) by its rear side, so that it can be rotated around the rear side of the support plate (2). Two support rods (4) are fastened to the rear of the support plate (2) via a small shaft. In running condition, these support rods (4) are lengthwise placed laterally on the support plate and serve as handles held by the soldier and pushed by the trolley shown in Fig. 1., FIG. 2, and FIG. 3. The soldier, holding the rear part of the supporting bars (4) which serve as handles, pushes the cart on which the payload is located, whereby the upper plate (3), which has the shape of a triangle on the front side, spreads tall grass and small bushes.
When the soldier is resting, the wheelbarrow can be placed in the combat position shown in Fig. 4. or the resting position shown in FIG. 5.
In the combat position shown in Fig. 4. the plates are placed so that the support plate (2) is placed on the ground with the front part, and the support bars (4) are separated from the support plate (2) by the front part and placed with their front part on the ground at 90 degrees in relation to the support plate (2). In this way, a triangle placed on the ground is obtained, which consists of a bearing plate (2) and an upper plate (3) on the front side, and support brackets (4) on the rear side. In this position the soldier can be placed behind these two obliquely placed steel plates that serve as a shelter resistant to enemy bullets and grenade shells.
When these plates are to be placed in the resting position shown in FIG. 5. they must first be placed in the position shown in Figs. 4., and then transfer the upper plate (3) over the support plate (2). This upper plate (3) has two support pipes (5) on the side, which are connected by a small shaft near the front side of the upper plate (3). When placing these plates in the position in Fig. 5. these support tubes (5) are placed on the ground with their free side and thus the upper plate (3) is kept in a horizontal position, this upper plate (3) standing on the support plate (2) on one side and on the other side. sides on support pipes (5).
When the top plate (3) is placed in in this resting position shown in FIG. 5. A soldier can rest on it, but also under it. If it is in a swampy and damp area, it will climb on the top plate (3) and lie on it. If it is raining or snowing then the soldier can lie under the top plate (3), and these wheelbarrow then also serve as a tent that simultaneously protects against sudden bullets and shrapnel coming from the front and top. When several soldiers place their wheelbarrow next to each other, towards the 4 sides of the world, then all the taliks together act as a small fortress.
And when the soldiers rest, very quickly these wheelbarrow can be folded into a driving position, return the load to them and continue to move.