Space stations for permanent human habitation

Space stations for permanent human habitation

To date, several space stations have been built for the permanent residence of humans. They are made of solid material and in one piece taken into space to a location where they are placed at a certain height above the ground. Because of that, they looked like big pipes with a side entrance.

Their main drawback is that there is no gravity in them, so people can stay in them for a limited time. In the case of a longer stay with the crew, most of the muscles could atrophy.

Another disadvantage is the very small volume of the space station, and thus the number of people who can stay in the station is limited.

These problems can be solved by making a space station on earth from elastic textile as a large balloon (1) that would rotate around its axis in space. This balloon (1) would be round when viewed from the direction of the axis of rotation, and when viewed perpendicular to the axis of rotation it has the shape of an ellipse. Inside this space station there would be partitions also made of elastic material. Partitions placed parallel to the axis of rotation would act as decks (2) on which people could move while partitions placed perpendicular to the axis of rotation would act as partition walls (3). Partition walls (3) and decks (2) should have openings on them in which sliding doors of various sizes would subsequently be placed in space, which should be made of solid material.

The space tank would be sent into space in a packaged form, and there it would expand into the shape of a large balloon by injecting air. After that, supply ports (4) would be glued to the side of the station. These supply ports (4) made in the form of a wide tube would be made of solid light metal and would be located on the very axis of rotation of the balloon (1). Through them, a balloon (1) would be entered and exited, whereby a vacuum would first be created when entering them from the outside, and by separating from the supply aircraft, air would be released into them, and then from these supply docks (4) entered the balloon itself (1).

The pressure in the balloon (1) should be 1 bar. The rotation of the balloon around its axis would create gravity. Gravity would be different on individual decks (2). On decks closer to the axis of rotation the gravity would be less, while on the deck (2) which is furthest from the axis of rotation the gravity should be as on the ground. People would stay on that widest deck (2), while decks (2) closer to the axis of rotation would serve as storage for equipment, materials and food.

Such a large space station with multiple decks (2) would have enough space for growing food, and for processing wastewater into drinking water. In order for vegetables to grow on one of the decks (2), the balloon (1) would have to have surfaces on the side that partially transmit the light needed for plant growth.

Elastic photocells could be glued to most of the outer surface of the balloon (1) to produce the electricity needed to operate and maintain the space station.


Other of my technical analyzes and innovations can be found in this book.